154. God’s “Primal Decision” (prothesis) for Human Salvation (2 Timothy 1:9)

Some terms found in the New Testament seem to get rendered with quite diverse and unrelated terms. prothesis is one example. In Matthew 12:4 it occurs in the phrase  tous artous tēs protheseōs and is rendered as “consecrated bread” in the NIV or … Continue reading

154. “Imposters” or “Cheats” – goēs in 2 Timothy 3:13

In his final letter to Timothy Paul acknowledges that godly living attracts persecution even as “evildoers and imposters (goētes)…go from bad to worse, deceiving and being deceived” (2 Tim. 3:13NIV). Paul describes an escalating, negative relationship between those determined to … Continue reading

153. “Educating in an even-tempered manner ‘those who oppose’ (antidiatithēmi) ” (2 Timothy 2:25)

In his personal correspondence with Timothy Paul continually warns him about people in the Ephesian church who “teach false doctrines” (1 Tim. 1:3). Timothy has to deal with such people and command them to cease. He urges Timothy not to … Continue reading

152. “Rekindling” a Spiritual Gift (anazōpureō 2 Timothy 1:6)

In his second letter to his protege Timothy, Paul urges him to embrace God’s calling vigorously, despite opposition and difficulty. In 2 Timothy 1:3-14 Paul shares his longing to see Timothy. His feelings for his friend have their root in … Continue reading

98. “The Man of God” (ho tou theou anthrōpos 2 Timothy 3:16-17)

The phrase “the man of God” (ho tou theou anthrōpos) occurs only twice in the New Testament, both times in Paul’s correspondence with Timothy (1 Timothy 6:11; 2 Timothy 3:17). Alternatively the phrase ho tou theou anēr is never found … Continue reading

80. Protecting the Deposit (parathēkē – 2 Timothy 1:12,14)

Keeping money or other treasures safe in antiquity was a challenge. Banks and ‘safety deposit boxes’ did not exist. As Jesus indicates in the parable of the Hid Treasure (Matthew 13) people sometimes buried their most valuable property in order … Continue reading